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From Terrestrial and Marine Bioresources and Wastes to Value- Added Products: Biofuels and Activated Carbons

[ Vol. 9 , Issue. 2 ]


Mohamed Chaker Ncibi* and Mika Sillanpaa   Pages 64 - 77 ( 14 )


Background: The bioconversion of renewable terrestrial and marine bioresources and agro-industrial wastes presents a very interesting research and development (R&D) subject to show how high added-value products could be obtained from inexpensive materials, and how this bioconversion could bring solutions to many serious problems like fuel shortage, pollution and waste disposal in a sustainable, yet profitable manner.

Objective: Extensive research efforts were, and are being, pursued to develop new products from biomass or to optimize the production procedures of other valuable ones.

Method: In this review article, we will present the use of various terrestrial and marine bioresources, by-products and wastes for the production of important and strategic supplies of liquid (bioethanol and biodiesel) and gaseous (biomethane) biofuels, and activated carbons. A special attention will be given to eco-friendly and cost-effective conversion procedures.


Activated carbons, biofuels, biomass, valorization, wastes.


Laboratory of Green Chemistry, School of Engineering Science, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Sammonkatu 12, 50130, Mikkeli

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