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Kinetics Studies of Epoxidation and Oxirane Cleavage-Epoxidized Palm Kernel Oil

Author(s):

Mohd Jumain bin Jalil*, Aliff Farhan Mohd Yamin, Mohd Saufi Md Zaini, Veronique Gloria V Siduru, Norhashimah Morad, Abdul Hadi and Mohd Jalil   Pages 1 - 9 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Studies pertaining to the epoxidation of fatty acids, garnered much interest in recent years due to the rising demand of eco-friendly epoxides derived from vegetable oils.

Methods: Epoxide is an important chemical precursor for the production of alcohols, glycols and polymers, like polyesters and epoxy resin. Epoxidation is the name given to the reaction when the double bonds are converted into epoxide.

Results: Temperature at 55oC was used as a reference material in the epoxide process, as it produces a high yield epoxide being 88%. The kinetic rate of epoxidized palm kernel oil, k was obtained to be k11= 0.5125, k12= 0.05045, k21= 0.03185, k41= 0.01 and k51= 0.01243.

Conclusion: Hence, by fitting the result with the experimental work and simulation, the summation of error being stimulated by I-sight simulation was 0.731116428 and the correlation between the experimental and simulation data was 0.925544.

Keywords:

epoxidation, degradation, kinetic rate, matlab, i-sight

Affiliation:

Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Technologi MARA Cawangan Pulau Pinang, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Technologi MARA Cawangan Pulau Pinang, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Terengganu, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Technologi MARA Cawangan Pulau Pinang, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Technologi MARA Cawangan Pulau Pinang, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Technologi MARA Cawangan Pulau Pinang



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