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Mo3S4 nanorod: An effective photocatalyst for the degradation of organic dyes in aqueous solution

Author(s):

Madima Ntakadzeni, William Wilson Anku*, Penny Poomani Govender and Leelakrishna Reddy  

Abstract:


A molybdenum sulfide (Mo3S4) nanorod photocatalyst was synthesised through the facile hydrothermal method and applied in the degradation of Rhodamine B and Methyl Blue dyes under visible light irradiation. The Mo3s4 nanorod was synthesised using sodium molybdate, sodiumdiethyldithiolcarbonate and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid as molybdenum and sulfur sources, and capping agent respectively. The photocatalyst was characterized by using XRD, FTIR, TEM, SEM, EDS and UV-Vis spectroscopies. SEM result shows that the synthesised sample has a rod-like shape made up of several thin sheets. The XRD result revealed the Mo3S4 nanorod to exist in the Rhombohedral phase. The energy band gap of the sample was calculated to be 2.02 eV. The synthesised Mo3s4 nanorod showed great potential in the removal of both RhB and MB in aqueous solution. 85.46% and 99.78% removals of RhB and MB dyes respectively were achieved in 90 min. It was also observed that the photodegradation of both RhB and MB follows pseudo-first order kinetics, with apparent rate constants of 0.0089 min-1 and 0.0118 min-1 for RhB and MB respectively.

Keywords:

MoS2, Nanorod, Semiconductor, Photocatalyst, Degradation, Organic dyes

Affiliation:

Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Johannesburg, Doornfontein Campus 2028, Johannesburg, Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Johannesburg, Doornfontein Campus 2028, Johannesburg, Department of Applied Chemistry, University of Johannesburg, Doornfontein Campus 2028, Johannesburg, Department of Physics, University of Johannesburg, Doornfontein Campus 2028, Johannesburg



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